MODULE 1: TECHNIQUES, TRAINING AND PRACTICE
“Each soul is potentially divine. The goal is to manifest this divinity within by controlling nature external and internal. Do this either by work, or worship, or psychic control, or philosophy – by one, or more, or all of these and be free.” – Swami Vivekananda
Yoga signifies integration of personality. As one advances towards this integration of personality, the limitations of normal man featured by urge for hunger, sense gratification, possession, and fear etc. slowly begin to come under control. At the highest level of this integration man begin to manifest divinity and perfection. Therefore, Yoga is both an end and a means. As an end Yoga leads to complete freedom and perfection and as a means to reach this freedom Yoga employs certain techniques and practices.
The discipline of yoga founded by Patañjali with its limbs of Yama, Niyama, Āsana, Prāṇāyāma, Pratyāhāra, Dhāraṇā, Dhyāna and Samādhi are the techniques meant for reaching the stage of perfection through advancement towards the integration or harmony of personality. One can choose any one of the above techniques of yoga for disciplining the mind and body towards union. Swami Vivekananda further expanded the scope of yoga to include Bhakti, Karma and jñāna yoga into yoga practice, leading the individual to the highest goal of freedom i.e. Mokṣa.
This course will contain almost all the practical aspects of yoga to enable students to understand that all yoga practice is for spiritual progression. A sound body and mind assist in the spiritual unfoldment of yoga students. The course will provide various techniques of yoga like kriyā, āsana, prāṇāyāma, dhyāna, devotional sessions etc. for complete physical, mental, emotional and spiritual development.
The course will help you to acquire skills to put yoga into practice for yourself as a self-development tool and also to impart yoga for others.
|Sūkṣma Vyāyāma||Learn 48 exercises of Sūkṣma Vyāyāma covering each body part. Addition to this 5 Sthūla Vyāyāma for complete body. Develop awareness of individual body parts and movements.|
|Sūryanamaskāra||Master the 12 steps of Sun Salutation in three successive stages to gain maximum physical, mental and spiritual benefit. Take your awareness inward from physical body to subtle body.|
|Āsana||Learn and practice āsana from each category of sitting, standing, laying and inverted. Read three aphorisms on Asana from Patañjali Yogasūtra and understand the purport of āsana. Learn the art of self-observation for awareness to move towards next dimension of mind.|
|Prāṇāyāma & Bandha||Practice of prāṇāyāma mentioned in Haṭha Yoga Pradīpikā. Concept of prāṇa and importance of Bandha in energy channelization.|
|Kriyā||Learning and practice of various cleansing techniques. Understand the importance of cleansing techniques in Haṭha yoga. Develop deep internal awareness of body organs through Kriyās.|
|Advance Yoga Techniques||Practice of yoga techniques dedicated to each kośa (Personality level). Analyse concept of personality from Taittirīya Upaniṣad|
|Dhāraṇā and Dhyāna||Daily practice of TM or OM meditation. Reading and discussion on levels of awareness from Mānḍūkya Upaniṣad.|
- Yogic Sūkṣma Vyāyāma
- 48 exercises of sūkṣma (micro) vyāyāma for micro movements for different muscles, parts and joints of the body and 5 exercises of sthūla vyāyāma of macro movements
- Stage 1: Mastering the 12 Āsana making one round of Sūryanamaskāra
- Stage 2: Sūryanamaskāra with vinyāsā i.e. coordinating each āsana with the breath
- Stage 3: Sūryanamaskāra with bīja and sūrya mantra along with the focus on chakra
Āsana Vinyāsā Bīja and Sūrya Mantra Chakra Praṇāmāsana Exhale Om Hrām Mitraya Namaha Anāhata Hasta Uttānāsana Inhale Om Hrīm Ravaye Namaha Viśuddhi Pādahastāsana Exhale Om Hrūm Suryaya Namaha Svādhiṣṭhāna Aśva Saṅcālānāsana Inhale Om Hraim Bhanave Namaha Ājña Parvatāsana Exhale Om Hraum Khagaya Namaha Viśuddhi Aṣṭāṅga Namaskāra Hold Om Hrḥ Pushne Namaha Maṇipura Bhujaṅgāsana Inhale Om Hrām Hiranyagarbhaya Namaha Svādhiṣṭhāna Parvatāsana Exhale Om Hrīm Marichaye Namaha Viśuddhi Aśva Saṅcālānāsana Inhale Om Hrūm Adityaya Namaha Ājña Pādahastāsana Exhale Om Hraim Savitre Namaha Svādhiṣṭhāna Hasta Uttānāsana Inhale Om Hraum Arkaya Namaha Viśuddhi Praṇāmāsana Exhale Om Hrḥ Bhaskaraya Namaha Anāhata
- Training in over 50 āsanas with technique, benefits and contra-indications
- Nāḍī Śodhana, Bhastrikā, Ujjai, Brāhmari
- Jālandhara, Uddiyana, Mūla, Mahā Bandha
- Jala Neti, Vaman Dhauti, Nauli, Kapālabhāti
- Advance Yoga Techniques
- Cyclic Meditation (CM)
- Pranic Energization Technique (PET)
- Mind Sound Resonance Technique (MSRT)
After completing this module students will be able to:
- Practice various yoga techniques like āsana, prāṇāyāma, kriyā etc for themselves and plan for others.
- Understand various levels of human personality and states of consciousness to bring quality in their own yoga practice and teaching.
- Manage modern day lifestyle health hazards like stress through its comprehensive understanding.
- Bring meditation into daily life for lifetime of peace, prosperity, health and happiness
- Live up to one’s full potential.
MODULE 2: TEACHING METHODOLOGY
Kevalaṁ Rājayogāya Haṭhaviddyopadiśyate – Haṭha Yoga Pradīpikā (1.2)
The science of haṭha is taught only for the sake of rāja yoga.
The goal of Haṭha Yoga is to bring subtle transformation in one’s psyche by bringing sensitivity and awareness to progressive finer states of our existence. Haṭha Yoga is taught with the aim of preparing the student to take up Rāja Yoga practices like dhāraṇā or dhyāna in due course of time. If after practicing Haṭha Yoga, one is not able to find a point of concentration or focus within the space of body, all Haṭha Yoga practice is in vain. Haṭha Yoga is the process of achieving complete physical, mental and emotional balance to channelize energies to higher dimensions without causing any disturbance in the mind-body complex of the practitioner.
Teaching methodology course will cover wide range of topics like verbal instructions, demonstration, correction, lesson Planning etc. The core of teaching methodology is to induce change in students by exposing them to new situations in order to facilitate effective learning. Formulation of teaching methods by teachers is closely tied with their familiarity to the subject knowledge. Therefore, right understanding of yogic principles is of utmost importance to create a learning environment where a student is willing to adjust himself to new situations created by teacher. Haṭha Yoga teaching is always meant to move close to one’s inner self. Accordingly teaching methods have to be developed by the teacher.
This course is meant to develop the confidence and capabilities to teach and articulate your knowledge, skills and qualities in the field of Haṭha Yoga to various individuals and population segments. The purpose of teaching Yoga is to make people aware of the dimension of their personality other than the body, which is of the nature of Truth, Existence and Bliss. This only is to be realized and Yoga is the way.
|Teaching Methodology||Yoga class simulation for refining verbal instructions skills. Overall art of conducting yoga class with aspects of demonstration, sequencing, correction, spiritual orientation, time and class management, formulation of teaching methods.|
|Asana Adjustments||Learn the right method and technique of asana practice|
|Trends in Yoga and Yoga Types||Introduction to various Yoga types that are practiced and taught.|
- Teaching Methodology
- Verbal instructions, demonstration and correction
- Meaning and scope of teaching methods
- Lesson planning
- Trends in Yoga and Yoga Types
- Business Aspects of Yoga
- Understanding about various models of taking yoga as a profession like setting up own yoga studio, or yoga school or work as a freelance yoga instructor.
- Ability to identify potential market segments and emerging markets to make inroads for yoga.
- Understanding about yoga as a product offering to meet customer needs and maintaining a profitable customer relationship.
After completing this module students will be able to:
- Understand the right implication of Haṭha yoga teaching and practice, as a spiritual discipline towards the unfoldment of higher realms of personality by achieving balance between body and mind.
- Understand the goal of Haṭha yoga to experience Yoga (Rāja yoga).
- Teach, instruct and conduct a professional yoga session in individual and group settings.
- Teach wide range of yoga practices suiting to the need or demand by various groups of population.
MODULE 3: ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY
“IT is the ear of the ear, the mind of the mind, the tongue of the tongue and eye of the eye. Having abandoned ‘I’-ness in these, the wise become Immortal.” – kena Upaniṣad
The body-mind complex of an individual is the psychophysical adjunct of his real Self. Self, which is Consciousness, is always a subject and can never be objectified. Every individual is aware of himself as one experiencing various experiences. These experiences are different states of mind and body. He ascribes to himself (subject) the mental and physical states (object). Fundamentally the ultimate knower, an individual identifies himself with the known psychophysical states. The knower and the known are always different from each other. Therefore, a person cannot be his senses or mind since they are known. What a person thinks of him as ‘me’ turns out to be his ego, a mode of the mind, known to us. Thus, he is aware of the empirical self, the ego, and not the changeless Self ever distinct from the psychophysical adjunct.
If one can perceive the body as manifestation of divine consciousness, one can greatly enhance his quality of life. Yoga practice can elevate awareness to a level where the practitioner can clearly recognize the distinction between body and the Self. It starts gradually by building our awareness first about physical body, than the mind, moving on to the intellect and finally transcending them to arrive at the level of Pure Consciousness. Slowing down of the breath, calming of the mind and deep relaxation to all muscle groups are the three cardinal principles of yoga. The state of calm and restfulness achieved through yoga helps in perceiving finer truths which are otherwise elusive. This module will provide anatomical knowledge and functioning of various bodily systems from the point of view of medical science and yoga. This will help to understand and contrast the basic difference in the approach towards life from medical and yogic perspectives. For medical science consciousness is the product of bio-electrical functions of brain. Whereas, from yogic perspective consciousness is eternal and it manifests itself as physical and psychical systems and organs.
|Anatomy and Physiology||Introduction to body constituents and major systems of the body.|
|Yoga Anatomy||Concept of five sheaths. Introduction to chakras or energy centers. Exploring the concept of five layered existence from Taittiriya Upanishad.|
- Anatomy and Physiology
- Introduction to Human Anatomy and Physiology
- Musculo-Skeletal System
- Digestive and Respiratory System
- Cardiovascular System
- Endocrine System
- Yoga Anatomy
- Concept of body, health and disease, concept of yoga and pañcakośa. Pañcakośa practices of Annamaya, Prāṇamaya, Manomaya, Vijñānamaya and Ānandamaya kośa
- Health and yoga in the light of Yog Vaśiṣṭha. Concept of Adhi and Vyadhi. Handling of the mind and emotions according to yoga.
After completing this module students will be able to:
- Explain the broad functioning of major systems of the body
- Form clear foundation of the principles of yoga practices
- Understand the holistic concept of human personality as five layered existence
Module 4: Yoga Philosophy, Lifestyle and Ethics
“Twofold is the philosophy taught in the Vedas, one is the philosophy of pravritti or action, the other is the philosophy of nivritti or withdrawal from action, i.e. meditation; both are needed to establish a stable world order. These two are needed to ensure for all beings true material prosperity as well as spiritual growth and fulfillment.” – Shankaracharya
There are two dimensions of reality. One dimension is the objective world of multiplicity, which is in a constant flux of change and another dimension is the subjective world of singularity, which is the unchanging Reality at the base of all changes. Reconciling the apparent opposites of One and Many, God and World, Renunciation and Enjoyment, by the perception of essential unity of creation, has been the motive force behind all the actions and strives of people on the Indian subcontinent since antiquity. This reconciliation has always struck the fine balance between achieving prosperity through outward action and spiritual growth through inward contemplation. Swami Vivekananda rightly captured this vedic essence when he said that service and renunciation have been the twin ideals of India. With service he meant outward action or pravitti and with renunciation inward action or nivritti.
The two dimensions are also the two sides of our personality. The changing outer dimension is the dynamic and perishable objective phenomena and the unchanging inner dimension is the silent and imperishable subjectivism. The silent inner feature of our personality known as the Atman or Self is the source and basis of all the outer values or dharma that are manifested at the dynamic levels of human existence i.e. material, political, economic, environmental, psychological and social. Yoga helps in experiencing the immutable, silent and subjective essence of our personality for spontaneous enrichment of our life at the level of objectivity.
The objective of this course is therefore to provide a sound foundation in the Hindu philosophical thought. Hindu Sanātana Dharma as it is known, has emphasized on the practical experience of eternal Truth within our own consciousness.
|Patañjali Yogasūtra||Understanding the concept of mind or chitta according to yoga. Its origin and functioning. Chitta as the limiting adjunct leading to bondage.
Concept of dhāraṇa, dhyāna and samādhi as the ultimate tool at the disposal of humanity for complete knowledge, power, freedom and bliss.
|Haṭha Yoga Pradīpikā||Haṭha yoga as stepping-stone for Raj yoga. Importance of Haṭha yoga practices for complete health.|
|Bhagavadagītā||Understanding the secret of action founded on samatva or equality. Three modes of nature as driving force for action and inner renunciation of desires.
Learning the importance of surrendering fruits of action and sense of agency to become the master of karma yoga.
|Streams of Yoga||Exploring the four streams of yoga, leading to the same goal of mokṣa. A unique contribution of Swami Vivekananda in the field of yoga. Understand the underlying phenomena of unity in diversity a unique feature if India.|
|Pūrva Mimāṅsa||Understanding the inner dynamism of Consciousness as the basis of diversified objective world.|
|Vedānta||Establishing the validity of Consciousness or Brahman as the sole reality.
Understand the essence of four great sentence of Upaniṣad.
Thought of the Upaniṣad; unity in diversity, the basis of freedom within the world.
- Patañjali Yogasūtra
- Introduction to Patañjali Yogasūtra. Yoga, its meaning and purpose.
- Concept of Citta, Citta-bhūmi, Citta-vṛtti, Citta-vṛtti nirodha.
- Types and nature of Samādhi according to Yogsūtra.
- Aṣṭāṅga Yoga: Yama, Niyama, Āsana, Prāṇāyāma, Pratyāhāra, Dhāraṇa, Dhyāna and Samādhi.
- Haṭha Yoga
- Haṭha Yoga, its meaning, definition, aims and objectives.
- Concept of Mithara.
- Yogāsana: its definition, salient features, importance, benefits and precautions
- Concept of Prāṇa, types of Prāṇa.
- Introduction to Bhagavadgītā. Definitions of Yoga in Gītā.
- Essentials of Bhagavadgītā covering several chapters.
- Streams of Yoga
- Rāja Yoga: The path of will power
- Karma Yoga: The path of action
- Jñāna Yoga: The path of Intellect
- Bhakti Yoga: The path of emotions
- Purva Mimāṅsa
- The technology of Veda
- The science of Veda
- The meaning and style of Upaniṣad
- The two main quests – happiness analysis and quest for reality
- The great statements of Upaniṣad
After completing this module students will be able to:
- Understand the meaning, purpose and nature of yoga.
- Understand the practical value and social relevance of spiritual truths for stress free and healthy and happy living.
- Explain the significance of four yogas in total development of human personality.
- Reconcile the two methods of knowledge; rational and intuitive or sensory and supra-sensory as one complementing the other